DNA

Introduction

The impact of researching DNA on the One-Name Study is yet to be ascertained. The “kits” were sent off in 2018 and, as yet, there is little in the area of results. But these are early days.

As of January 2019, it was estimated that some 26 million people had been tested with Ancestry of Lehi, Utah USA and 23andMe of Mountain View, California USA being the main testers. Most of those tested are from the USA. Other companies have large data collections – but these can include data from other testers. For example MyHeritage (Israel) is seen as the 3rd largest with nearly 3 million profiles and FamilyTreeDNA (Houston USA) over 2 million.

DNA Kits

SupplierKit IdentityTypeComments
FamilyTreeDNAMI20631Y-DNA
Big Y
mtDNA

Results

TestResults ConfirmedResults
Y-DNAJune 4, 2018Confirmed Y-DNA Haplogroup R-A6137
Big YAugust 15, 2019
mtDNAJuly 13, 2018Confirmed mtDNA Haplogroup H3

Data

TestResults ConfirmedFiles
AutosomalMI20631_XChromosome_o37_Results_20200628.csv
MI20631_Autosomal_o37_Results_20200628.csv
37_C_Gray_Chrom_Autoso_20200628.csv

mtDNA

Ethnicity Estimates

Estimates of Ethnicity are gained by the company comparing the DNA sample with a “reference group” whose heredity has been rigorously determined through documentation. As the numbers of people tested increases, the reference group is updated – which explains how the estimates can change over time.

FamilyTree DNA

Using the Autosomal DNA, the “Origins 2” tool shows 75% British Isles, 24% West and Central Europe with <1% Asia Minor.

Ancestry.co.uk

The estimate is 79% England, Wales & Northwestern Europe; 14% Ireland and Scotland with 7% Norway. For England & Wales – there were concentrations in Devon and “North Yorkshire, East Riding and Lincolnshire”.